Click HERE to return to MAIN page for WEBSITE.

ELEMENTS of Art & PRINCIPLES of Design

All images are "Googled" from the Internet and copyrights are the artist's.

ELEMENTS of Art:

The language of art.

Terms that are used to describe a work of art.

Line:

A continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed moving tool.

Shape:

A closed lilne that has 2 dimensions and encloses space (triangle, circle, square.)

Space:

The emptiness or area between, around, above, below or within an object.

Form:

An enclosed space that is 3 dimensional (has height, width & depth.  Pyramid, sphere, cube.)

Value:

Lightness or darkness within the artwork.

Texture:

How things feel or how they LOOK LIKE they might feel.

Color:

The element of art with 3 properties: hue, value and intensity (saturation).

PRINCIPLES of Design:

The rules by which an artist organizes the Elements of Art to create a work of art.

Rhythm & Movement:

Taking the viewer's eye to focal areas throughout the artwork.

Balance:

Creating equal visual weight in a composition.

Proportion:

Dealing with size relationships.

Variety:

Dealing with differences and using several elements of art/design to hold the the viewer's attention and guide the eye through the artwork.

Emphasis/focal point:

An area of interest within a composition.

Harmony & Unity:

The visually satisfying effect of combining similar, related elements throughout the piece of artwork to crete a sense of completeness.